In today's world, waste management is a crucial step for every business and homeowner. The environment is rightfully protected from any waste material that you may intend to discharge from your home or business. So when building a home or installing a business, there are several options you will need to look at in terms of wastewater management. Should you install septic tanks? Are domestic treatment plants the better option? Which costs less or has better results? The following are brief details about septic tanks and domestic treatment plants. These should easily guide you to the best fit for your home or business.
Septic tanks are among the earliest methods of wastewater management. Septic treatment systems offer partial waste treatment. The main process is anaerobic, meaning little or no oxygen is required. To install a septic tank for your business or home, several regulations and conditions have to be met. For starters, there is a limit to the population number that can be serviced by a septic tank. Also, the location septic tanks are to be installed must be tested for characteristics such as water table levels, maximum percolation and drainage.
Septic tanks may be considered expensive because the discharge may further need processing. Most people discharge septic tank contents onto land drains. This also requires local government intervention and monitoring.
Domestic treatment plants
Domestic treatment plants are fast becoming the most popular option for wastewater treatment and management. These systems are tailor made to suit different population sizes. Domestic treatment plants operate on the same principle of large scale wastewater treatment. They have only reduced the scale to suit small installations. The wastewater is first fed into a chamber that filters out the solids. The liquid then moves to a bio-zone that contains bacteria that clears the waste from water. The process here varies in the different systems. Some use rotating disc media to feed the bacteria while some inject it by air. Others contain the bacteria on a filter bed. The treated water is then passed on to a final chamber that acts as a settling and sieving stage for the finer solids. Once sieved, the water can be discharged out to the nearest stream or ditch.
Domestic treatment plans require very little energy to operate. The entire process is fitted in one tank and mainly relies on gravity or pressure. A pump may be necessary, especially for the discharge process. These systems are also very efficient in wastewater treatment. They eliminate almost all the polluting matter, and the discharge is usually safe for disposal anywhere. Maintenance of these tanks is usually annual to remove accumulated solids and to feed more bacteria. Ultimately, these systems can be said to be the most preferable, low maintenance and effective waste management systems for a home or business.
For more information and options about treatment systems, contact a treatment systems company, such as Econocycle.